Important Resume Components
Your resume is the most important calling card in your job search. It should include the following information:
- Contact Information- Include phone, mail and e-mail contact information. Your voicemail message should be professional. A message that is too casual can create a negative impression
- Career Objective- You may choose to list or not list your career objective. If your objective doesn’t match the recruiter’s needs, you may miss out on a golden opportunity. However, a clearly stated career objective can help your recruiter find an ideal career match.
- Summary Statement- Your summary should be brief. First, include your title and years of experience. Second, list pertinent skills. Third, discuss your character traits or work style.
Example: “Clinical Research Associate with over 15 years’ experience monitoring clinical studies with sponsor and CRO companies. Therapeutic experience includes Oncology, Infectious Disease, Respiratory, CNS, GI and Women’s Health. Self-starter who approaches every project in a detailed, analytical manner.”
- Professional Experience- List each position held in reverse chronological order, dating back at least ten plus years. If you held multiple positions within the same company, list them all to show advancement and growth. The body of each position description should describe your responsibilities and accomplishments.
- Other Components- Include education, professional training, affiliations/appointments, licenses, technical skills and languages-
- Personal information- Do not include personal information such as marital status, photos or compensation.
15 Things Not to Include on Your Resume
Here are the top fifteen things which should not be included on a resume. Leave them off and keep your resume sharply focused on your skills and qualifications for the job for which you’re applying.
- Long paragraphs without bullets. Employers might gloss over sections of your resume and miss key evidence of your qualifications if paragraphs are too dense with text.
- Statements in your objective or summary which point to what you want to gain from the job. Your focus should be on what you can provide to the employer. Some of the key elements of a summary statement can include indicating your career objective or desired job, highlighting the amount of relevant experience you have, and the qualifications that will separate you from other candidates.
- General descriptions of duties without reference to how you added value. Employers don’t want to see your job description, they want to learn about the skills and assets you utilized to achieve real results.
- Phrases like Responsibilities or Duties Included. Make your resume about what you actually accomplished, not what you were supposed to do in the job.
- Starting phrases with “I”. Start your statements with skill, action or accomplishment words like analyzed, created or reduced, for example, to engage the reader instead of nouns or pronouns.
- Irrelevant experience, especially from the distant past. Every statement on your resume should lead the employer to the conclusion that you have the right qualifications for the job. Your goal is for the hiring managers to spend their time on your most significant relevant experiences.
- Empty or flowery language such as exquisite, outstanding or interesting. Every phrase on your resume should point to a specific skill or accomplishment; otherwise it is just a distraction. Stick to the facts.
- Misspellings or grammatical errors. Your resume serves as a sample of your writing skills and evidence of whether or not you are detail oriented. Be sure to proofread thoroughly before forwarding your resume.
- Personal information like height, weight, birth date, age, sex, religion, political affiliation, or place of birth. Employers shouldn’t make employment decisions based on these factors and may resent the fact that you are confronting them with the temptation to do so. Keep your resume focused on the facts.
- Hobbies or interests which do not point to desirable workplace skills or bear any relevance to the job. Candidates, especially experienced individuals, should have more compelling information to share in the limited space of their resume. Instead, consider Skills Summary section illustrating your skills that are most closely related to the job.
- Weak assertions about academic achievements like GPAs below 3.0 or mentions of Dean’s list for only a semester or two. Don’t bring academic achievement to the recruiter’s attention unless it is an area of strength. There’s no point in trying to impress a hiring manager with something that’s not impressive.
- Photographs, unless you are applying for a modeling or acting job. Employers don’t want to be drawn into allegations of discrimination.
- Reasons for leaving your previous employers. There is no need to justify your career moves, and this can seem like you are making excuses.
- Names and contact information of former supervisors. Furnish a separate list of references to your Recruiter when requested. Give those individuals a heads up when they might be contacted by an employer, so they are prepared.
- Space fillers like References Available Upon Request. They take up precious space and may cause you to leave off more relevant information. It goes without saying that you will furnish references if requested.